Motherboard Parts Explained

The motherboard is a vital component that is responsible for smooth processing of data occurs on a computer. There was a little damage to the motherboard will cause damage to the entire system, because the motherboard is place for all the hardware components attached. Start from the graphics card, RAM, hard disk, optical drive, all combined into one unit by using the port in the motherboard. Below is list of general motherboard component :

  1. CPU Socket : This section is the place laid a processor even with the many small holes that are used to place a pin processor.
  2. RAM Slots : Places to install the memory module (RAM). For a modern motherboard, usually there are 4 slots DDR2 PC 6400 with a capacity of up to 8GB and support for dual-channel configuration.
  3. Power Port : Old type use 20 +4 pin, while new types have been using 24 +4 pin. Through this port all the power needed by the system supplied through the power supply.
  4. Serial ATA Port : The new type motherboard using this port. Usually there are 4 to 8. It is used for hard disk drives where using SATA interface. Cable that is used is usually smaller than the IDE cable. SATA technology is growing rapidly, at this time is to reach the next generation of SATA-2 with data transfer speeds up to 3Gb/s.
  5. IDE Port : It is only found in old type of motherboard. That is used to install the hard disk drive and optical drives, it has an  large size of the cable width.
  6. Chip-set : A chip that regulates the data traffic on the system. There are 2 types of chip set with a different function with each other. North-bridge chip-set is located between the processor and RAM slots. This chip-set works so RAM and processor modules can work together (set of traffic data between the CPU and RAM). South-brigde chip-set is located on the bottom. Either the bottom of the processor or under the slot for graphics cards. Chip-set handle this work flow of traffic data from the graphics card, hard disk and other motherboard peripherals.
  7. AGP / PCI Express Slot : Used to install the graphics card. AGP slot is rarely found in the new type, because the resulting bandwidth is not sufficient for the needs of graphics at this time. Now, almost all motherboards use the PCI Express slot, with a larger bandwidth. In fact, there are motherboards that have up to 4 PCI Express slots.
  8. PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) : Is the place to put additional cards such as sound card, LAN card, TV tuner, and others. It is working at 33 Mhz frequency.
  9. BIOS (Basic Input Output System) : Form of software that is embedded in the motherboard where the energy supplied from the motherboard battery. All initial configuration of the hardware that is installed can be accessed and changed through the BIOS.

Many motherboard manufacturers other products that are complete with many additional features that will make the compatibility of various hardware increase.

Benefits of Fan Filter Units

Every single day you put your computer through it’s paces. You hear the computer start up and the fans working furiously to keep all the components cool, reducing the risk of overheating. At the same time, what are you doing to protect the fans?

Without your computer fans, your computer’s essential components would seize. It would be an exceptionally expensive exercise as you may have to replace your power supply, your hard drive or even your mother board, all of which are not cheap items that you want to replace any time soon.

A fan filter unit is important for any computer and can help reduce the risk of your fan failing and not working at its best, thereby now adding or drawing out enough air to keep all those essential components cool.

The first benefit you will find when you take advantage of a fan filter unit for your computer is that it eliminates the risk of dust getting into your computer. Not only is your fan at risk of dust, but it can get inside the casing and can cause problems with the internal components within the machine.

Signs that you may have dust in your machine is when your machine start whining. Don’t worry it is a sound you cannot ignore. The fan is one of the only components within your compute which has unsealed moving parts and is particularly susceptible to dust.

Think of the dust in your home. Most people assume that it is made up of human skin and while a large majority of the dust in your home is human skin, it is also pollen, pet hair and even plant seeds. Plant seeds in the warm confines of your computer case can be a devastating end to your computer system as you know it, resulting in you having to replace parts that seize due to plant growth within your machine.

The main benefit of fan filter units is that they eliminate the risk of dust, both on the fan and within the computer case. This can put your mind at ease that you are taking all the necessary precautions to help your computer perform at its best on a daily basis.

In addition to this, you will find that the fan filter units are affordable. These can be found in most computer supply stores and come in at different prices. It is always worthwhile to shop around and find the supplier who is going to provide you with the best quality at the lowest price. If you shop online, then you also enjoy the benefit of to the door delivery.

These fan filter units are quick and easy to install. They come with simple step by step manufacturer instructions and if you follow them you can have the filter in place within minutes.

There is the risk that when buying a fan filter unit that the filter pad comes in one piece and you have to cut it down to size. This is relatively easy to sort out. All you have to do is identify the size you need by measuring your fan casing. From here draw out the size on the filter pad and then cut it accordingly.

It is important to remember to change the filter pads on a regular basis. See if the fan filter unit you buy comes with more than one filter pad that you can change as and when needed. You will notice that after a couple of weeks the filter pad will change in colour as it catches all the dust and stops it from getting anywhere near the essential computer parts.

How To Install A Graphics Card

It is very easy to install a graphics card, all it needs is only 15 mins of your time and you can get your gaming computer booting up with the new graphics card.

AGP slot was the standard for graphics card interface with the motherboard. As technology advances, the newer PCI-Express has taken over and many graphics card nowadays use PCI-E slot as its interface with the motherboard.

Before you can install the graphics card, you need to identify which type of slot does your graphics card uses.

If you are not sure which slot does your graphics card use, check out the user manual that comes with the graphics card.

Once you are ready to install your graphics card, follow these four steps…

Step 1: Uninstall the current graphics card drivers

Before you install your new card, you have to uninstall your current card driver. This is because the current driver might not be compatible with the new graphics card and it might result in hardware conflict.

On your Windows desktop, click ‘Start’ -> ‘Control Panel’. In the new window that pops up, search for the ‘System’ icon and double click on it. Look for the ‘hardware’ tab. Click on the ‘Device Manager’. This will pop up a new window showing your entire hardware configuration. Your graphics card should be listed under the ‘Display Adapter’ heading. Double-click the name of your graphics card. In the next window, go to ‘Driver’ tab and right below, there is an ‘Uninstall’ button. Click the Uninstall button. Once it is done, close all the windows and shut down your computer.

Step 2: Remove old graphics card

Now, unplug the power socket from the wall and remove the casing of your computer. Locate the AGP slot (short brown color slot above the rows of long white PCI slot) with your old graphics card. To prevent static charge from damaging your computer parts, touch a metal part of the case to ground yourself. Remove the screw on the back plate of the graphics card and unplug the graphics card from the slot.

Step 3: Install new card.

Align the new card correctly with the AGP slot (align with the PCI-e slot if your graphics card is of the PCI express type). Applying even forces on both end of the card, slowly push the new graphics card into the slot. Secure it to the back plate with a screw.

Step 4: Install new drivers.

Plug in all cables and boot up your Windows. Your operating system should now automatically recognize the new hardware and walk you through the installation wizard. Most of the time, you will need to insert the driver CD that come with the graphics card into the CD-ROM. Locate the ‘setup.exe’ file in the driver CD and double click on it. It will then walk you through the installation process. If your graphics card is not the latest model, then most probably there is a newer version of the driver on the Internet. Check out the manufacturer’s website and download the latest drivers. Install it. Once done, reboot your PC. Now, you’re ready to start gaming.